Hackers use number tools and techniques to breach the security of computer systems. Some of the most commonly tools used by hackers are. Nmap, Metasploit, Burp Suite, Wireshark, Sqlmap, Aircrack-ng, Ettercap and Hashcat.
Nmap is a short for Network Mapper. Nmap is also a famous, free and open-source network exploration and security auditing tool that is widely used by security professionals, system administrators, and network engineers.
Nmap is designed to scan large networks and identify hosts and services that are running on those networks. It provides a variety of scanning techniques, like TCP connect scanning, SYN scanning, UDP scanning etc. It can be also used to perform operating system detection and version detection, and it has the ability to perform traceroute and packet filtering tests.
Burp Suite is a well known graphical tool for security testing of web applications. It is widely used by Security Professionals, Ethical Hackers and Penetration Testers to identify security vulnerabilities in web applications.
Burp Suite consists of a suite of tools, which includes a proxy, scanner, repeater, intruder etc. The proxy tool allows users to intercept and modify web traffic, and the scanner tool automatically scans web applications for vulnerabilities, such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS) and command injection.
The intruder tool is used to perform brute-force attacks against web applications and the repeater tool enables users to manually repeat requests to a web application.
Wireshark is a free and open-source network protocol analyzer that is used for network troubleshooting, software development, education etc. It automatically captures the network traffic and allows users to analyze it at a granular level. It also provides the detailed information about individual packets and their contents.
Wireshark is able to capture and decode a wide range of network protocols, like TCP, UDP, HTTP, and many others. It allows users to view the raw data in each packet, as well as decode the data and display it in a user-friendly format.
SQLmap is a well known open-source penetration testing tool, that automates the process of detecting and exploiting SQL injection vulnerabilities in web applications. It is designed to work with various databases, like MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server.
Aircrack-ng is a suite of tools, consists of a detector, packet sniffer, WEP, WPA and WPA2-PSK. It is usually used for analyzing and hacking Wifi networks. Most of the people say it’s illegal to use, but as long as you are using it for educational purposes and only on your own networks it’s not illegal.
Hashcat is a password cracking tool, that is used to recover lost or forgotten passwords. Hashcat can crack passwords that are encrypted using the hash algorithms, like MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256 etc. It uses various techniques, Like dictionary attacks, brute-force attacks and hybrid attacks to crack passwords.
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